Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine   Official publication of Indian Association of  0ccupational  Health  
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Year : 2009  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 113-120

Strategies and policies deteriorate occupational health situation in India: A review based on social determinant framework

Department of Ergonomics, Regional Occupational Health Center (Eastern), Block DP, Sector V, Kolkata - 700 091, India

Correspondence Address:
Asish Kumar Mandal
c/o: Satish Chandra Mandal, East Desh Bandhu, Para PO: Jhaljhalia District, Malda - 732 102
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0019-5278.58913

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Overwhelming evidence shows that hazardous work, working conditions, and environment fail to maintain homeostasis results in death or severe disability. Up to the 1980s, governments did not pay major attention to occupational health in developing countries, including India. The Bhopal Gas Tragedy, in 1984, was the turning point in the history of health and safety in India. It was time for the government to think deeply and review the existing legislative measures, for the upliftment of the occupational health situation in India. However, all the services remain grossly underutilized because of inadequate strategies, policies, and the lack of a proper monitoring mechanism, for occupational workers. The present study reviews the fact that Inaction or Destruction of Demands, Use of Power, Appeal to the existing bias of the system, and Exportation and Flexibility of the workers are some of the main reasons for the alarming situation of the Occupational Health Policy (OHP) in India. The existing and traditional condition of the laborers before and after independence is also highlighted in this article. Finally the threats are identified and options are provided to improve the health conditions of the workers.


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