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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 16-21

Knowledge, attitudes, and poultry-handling practices of poultry workers in relation to avian influenza in India

1 Division of Infectious Diseases and International Medicine, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, USA
2 Department of Community Health, St. John's Medical College, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
3 Division of Infectious Diseases and International Medicine, University of Minnesota; Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA

Correspondence Address:
Sudhir C Kumar
Methodist Plaza Specialty, 1221 Pleasant Street, Suite # 300, Des Moines, Iowa 50309
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0019-5278.116368

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Avian influenza (AI) is a viral disease of domestic and wild birds. The recent pandemics caused by highly pathogenic AIA (H5N1) in domestic poultry is currently rated phase 3 by the World Health Organization on the pandemic alert scale. Materials and Methods: A pretested and semistructured survey instrument was administered to both live bird market and poultry farm workers in two most populous cities in Karnataka in South India to collect data on demographics, knowledge, attitude, and practices among them. Results: The mean age was similar among both population groups (31.5 years). There was a higher level of biosecurity practices adopted in poultry farms compared with those adopted in live bird market. Knowledge regarding AI was acceptable but poorly correlated with actual biosecurity practices. Discussion: Live bird market and poultry farm workers have been identified as the weakest link in the prevention and control of the spread of AI in the two most populous cities studied in Karnataka. Conclusion: Risk reduction models of behavior change targeting these groups are important toward the control and prevention of AI spread.


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