Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine   Official publication of Indian Association of  0ccupational  Health  
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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 26  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 21-25

Pattern and sociodemographic correlates of job stress among staff in a Nigerian Psychiatric hospital

1 Department of Clinical Services, Federal Neuropsychiatric Hospital, Calabar, Nigeria
2 Department of Psychiatry, University of Calabar, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Emmanuel A Essien
Federal Neuropsychiatric Hospital, 123 Calabar Road, Calabar, Cross River State
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijoem.ijoem_277_21

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Context: Globalization and technological advances are associated with rapid social and economic changes which are accompanied by increased pressures in the work environment. Job stress is a hidden pandemic, especially in developing countries where it remains largely unaddressed. Aims: The objective is to determine the pattern and sociodemographic correlates of job stress among staff in a Nigerian psychiatric hospital using the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) indicator tool. Methods and Material: This is a cross-sectional study conducted among 292 full-time staff who were randomly selected across hospital units. Informed consent was obtained and the study questionnaires which included a sociodemographic questionnaire and the HSE indicator tool were administered. Statistical analysis was done using IBM SPSS version 22 and the level for statistical significance was set at P < 0.05. Results: The study sample comprised of 133 (45.5%) men and 159 (54.5%) women. The mean age was 35.03 and (SD = 7.45). A high level of stress (<20th percentile) was found in the demands, control, and relationships domains. Sociodemographic correlates of stress in domain analysis included age, marital status, staff level, parenthood, and being a clinical worker. Conclusions: This study demonstrates a high level of stress in domains of the HSE indicator among respondents. More research is needed to further examine the stress levels of hospital workers.


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