Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine   Official publication of Indian Association of  0ccupational  Health  
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     Table of Contents - Current issue
January-March 2022
Volume 26 | Issue 1
Page Nos. 1-54

Online since Thursday, April 7, 2022

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Secrets toward building a sustainable health and well-being culture p. 1
Ashish Vijay Jain
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Evaluation of the relationship between occupational accidents and obstructive sleep apnea risk among employees of a university hospital Highly accessed article p. 3
Halime Kucuk, Nurdan Acar, Alaettin Ünsal, Ali Kılınç
Context: Occupational accidents are still one of the important causes of morbidity and mortality. Sleep apnea is a significant risk factor for occupational accidents in hospitals. Aims: To determine the frequency of occupational accidents and their relationship with the risk of obstructive sleep apnea (OSAS). Settings and Design: Cross-sectional study in a hospital setting. Methods and Material: This study was conducted on 331 hospital workers between 2019-2020. Accidents from the Social Security Institution records were used. The risk of OSAS was evaluated with Berlin Survey, daytime sleepiness with Epworth Sleepiness Scale, sleep quality with Pittsburg Sleep Quality Scale. Statistical Analysis: The Chi-square test was used for analysis; P < 0.05 was accepted as a statistical significance value. Results: Of the participants, 231 (69.8%) were female. Their ages ranged between 19 and 55; the mean age was 33.8 ± 8.0 years. The frequency of occupational accidents was 8.8%, 51.4% had a high risk of OSAS, 80.4% had high daytime sleepiness, and 53.5% had poor sleep quality. Conclusion: The study group had a high risk of sleep disorders. No relationship was found between sleep disorders and occupational accidents. More comprehensive studies are needed to clarify this relationship.
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Incidence and risk for hypertension among regular medical examination attendee cohort in an automobile industry. A cox- regression analysis model p. 9
Gautham Melur Sukumar, Vaishali Dagar, Kowshik Kupatira, Pradeep S Banandur, Gururaj Gopalkrishna
Introduction: With nearly 1,612,505 industrial workers in Karnataka, controlling hypertension among them is necessary to reduce subsequent non-communicable diseases (NCDs). However, information on prevalence, incidence, and risk for hypertension among industrial workers is limited. Objectives: To estimate the prevalence, incidence proportion, incidence rate, and risk for hypertension among annual medical examination [AME] attendee cohort between 2010 and 2014 in an automobile industry in India. Materials and Methods: Longitudinal record analysis (cohort approach) of 640 regular AME attendees between 2010 and 2014 was performed to estimate incidence and incidence rates. Cox regression was conducted to estimate the risk for hypertension in the study period. Necessary permission and ethics clearance was obtained. Results and Conclusion: The prevalence of hypertension significantly increased from 8.8% in 2010 to 26.6% in 2014. The small increase in mean blood pressure (BP) resulted in large increases in the prevalence of hypertension. The incidence rate increased from 6.5 per 1000 person-months of observation in 2012 to 14.5 in 2014. No significant risk for hypertension was observed for the work department and type of plant. Results indicate a rising burden of hypertension with no specific risks associated with different work departments or types of plants. AME data is a utility value to monitor hypertension trends among employees and evaluate the effectiveness of worksite health programs to reduce hypertension.
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Optimum response of air-conduction induced ocular vestibular evoked myogenic potential in drivers p. 16
Ramani Dhanesh, Jayakumar Praveena
Context: During driving, the plane of movement in drivers is horizontal. Hence, utricles and vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) pathway are over stimulated. The ocular vestibular evoked myogenic potential (oVEMP) is utilized to evaluate the function of utricle and VOR pathway. Aim: This study aimed to assess the function of utricle and VOR using oVEMP among the drivers and compare it with non-professional drivers. Study Design: Comparative cross-sectional study. Methods: A total of 30 non-professional drivers and 30 professional drivers between ages of 18 and 45 years were evaluated in this study. Drivers with minimum of 5 years driving experience and minimum 3 h of driving per day were included. The oVEMPs were recorded for all the participants using alternating polarity 500 Hz tone bursts stimuli. Statistical Analysis: To calculate mean and standard deviation for all the groups, descriptive statistics was used and for group comparisons Independent t-test, Analysis of Variance, and Mann–Whitney U test were used. Results: The oVEMP of professional drivers exhibited significant delay in peak latency of N1 and P1 than those of non-professional drivers. Significant delay in P1 latency and reduced peak amplitudes were observed in professional drivers with greater than 10 years of experience on comparison with drivers less than 10 years of experience. Conclusions: Current study opens a new research in understanding the effect of over-stimulation of vestibular system in drivers. Driving for longer period may have effect on latency and amplitude parameters of oVEMP.
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Pattern and sociodemographic correlates of job stress among staff in a Nigerian Psychiatric hospital p. 21
Bassey E Edet, Olaolu A Olasubulu, Emmanuel A Essien, Emmanuel O Olose, Wisdom E Ekereuke, Anthony G Okon
Context: Globalization and technological advances are associated with rapid social and economic changes which are accompanied by increased pressures in the work environment. Job stress is a hidden pandemic, especially in developing countries where it remains largely unaddressed. Aims: The objective is to determine the pattern and sociodemographic correlates of job stress among staff in a Nigerian psychiatric hospital using the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) indicator tool. Methods and Material: This is a cross-sectional study conducted among 292 full-time staff who were randomly selected across hospital units. Informed consent was obtained and the study questionnaires which included a sociodemographic questionnaire and the HSE indicator tool were administered. Statistical analysis was done using IBM SPSS version 22 and the level for statistical significance was set at P < 0.05. Results: The study sample comprised of 133 (45.5%) men and 159 (54.5%) women. The mean age was 35.03 and (SD = 7.45). A high level of stress (<20th percentile) was found in the demands, control, and relationships domains. Sociodemographic correlates of stress in domain analysis included age, marital status, staff level, parenthood, and being a clinical worker. Conclusions: This study demonstrates a high level of stress in domains of the HSE indicator among respondents. More research is needed to further examine the stress levels of hospital workers.
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Burnout risks among salespersons under job demand and the mediating role of abusive supervision p. 26
KS Rakhy, AS Ambily
Context: Salespersons in privately held retail textile shops face physical, emotional, and mental stresses, and most supervisors are untrained and abusive. These stresses may cause salesperson burnout. Aims: To determine the effect of abusive supervision on the connection between job demands and job burnout. Setting and Design: A cross-sectional study. Materials and Methods: The job demand is measured using the Copenhagen psychosocial questionnaire. To assess abusive supervision, we used an eight-item scale from Tepper, and the burnout measures questionnaire was used to measure job burnout. Statistical Analysis Used: Direct, indirect, and total effects of variables were analyzed using SPSS Process Macro. Results: Indirect effect showed that the association between job demand and job burnout was mediated by abusive supervision: β = 6.3151, P < 0.001, bootstrap 95% confidence interval (CI) (5.6515, 7.0307). Direct effect between job demand and job burnout β = 1.5382, P < 0.001, bootstrap 95% CI (7.2254, 8.4812). Conclusions: High job demand and job burnout are prevalent among salespersons, and abusive supervision ignites the burnout syndrome of salespersons.
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Knowledge of occupational hazards and their perceived effects among operating theatre workers p. 29
Olaolorunpo Olorunfemi, Ngozi Rosemary Osunde, Idowu Edith Ilaboya, Josephine Ngozi Oko-Ose, Onome Roseline Ehidiamen-Edobor, Oluwaseyi Abiodun Akpor
Background and Aims: Health workers' attempt to provide quality care, makes them vulnerable to occupational hazards. Hence, the current study was done to assess the knowledge of occupational hazards and their perceived effects among operating theatre workers in the University of Benin teaching hospital, Nigeria. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among the health workers from March to December 2018. The data were collected through a self-structured questionnaire and analyzed by mean, standard deviation, and Chi-square test. Results: It was found that there was high knowledge about the preventive measures and perceived effects of occupational hazards. Conclusion: The current study found that the high level of knowledge demonstrated by the participants was at variance with practice. Hence, the health policymakers need to put up measures promoting safety practices, such as the provision of safety equipment, routine training for staff, adequate reinforcement, capacity and capability drilling, and health revenue cycle consultancy services should be institutionalized and made mandatory for all hospitals.
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Persistent organic pollutants and diabetes mellitus: Correspondence p. 33
Pathum Sookaromdee, Viroj Wiwanitkit
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OCCUCON 2022 Abstracts p. 34

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72nd National Conference of IAOH OCCUCON 2022 p. 49

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Occucon 2022 Orations and Awards p. 53

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